Practical web accessibility

HTML5

What is HTML 5?

HTML 5 is an evolution of HyperText Markup Language (HTML) standard and is designed to provide structure to content. Unlike previous versions of HTML, HTML 5 includes new features such as: better integration of video, the ability to drag-and-drop graphical elements, edit pages and interpret location information such as GPS tracking. 

The standard is still under development by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and a draft specification of HTML 5 has been released.

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Australian policy and legislation

Government websites

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) been instrumental in providing concrete standards to support government web accessibility. The W3C released the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), with the release of version 1.0 in 1999 and version 2.0 in 2008.

In February 2010, the Commonwealth Government committed to making all its websites compliant with WCAG 2.0 by 2015.  

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Technologies

One of the key differences between the first and the second version of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) was that WCAG 2.0 was designed to be technology agnostic. WCAG 2.0 is organised around design principles and has testable success criteria, but the success criteria are not specific to any particularly technology.

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Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines

The Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG) 2.0 is a technical standard designed by the W3C to support developers in the creation of authoring tools. The current ATAG 2.0 release is in its final draft, with a release date expected later this year. The upcoming standard has been designed to complement WCAG 2.0 and is split into two parts:


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